Nano Fluid Solar Experimental Setup

Solar collectors are of particular kind of heat exchangers which absorbs the incoming solar radiation and convert it into thermal energy. The collected solar thermal energy is carried through a working fluid (liquid/gas) which could be used for hot water or space conditioning or may be for thermal storage to use during cloudy days/night times.

In the conventional solar thermal collectors water, glycol and organic/ synthetic oils were used as working fluid. However, these fluids have relatively low thermal conductivity and thus cannot reach high heat exchange rates in thermal engineering devices. A way to overcome this barrier is using ultra fine solid particles suspended in common fluids to improve their thermalĀ  Conductivity.